Added: Mahogany Wasser - Date: 14.11.2021 11:33 - Views: 33757 - Clicks: 8753
ificant weight loss or gain can have an effect on your menstrual cycle, and in turn, PMS can indirectly cause changes in your weight. You probably worry about your weight for two reasons: your appearance and your health. Besides affecting your self-esteem, being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and other health conditions. At the other extreme, being underweight may cause low blood pressure, heart palpitations, osteoporosis , kidney stones , and other issues.
It may surprise you to learn that body weight can impact reproductive health as well. In addition to conception and pregnancy problems, weight loss and weight gain can both ificantly affect your menstrual cycle. A woman's ovaries produce the female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen , after getting certain cues from the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus.
Estrogen helps build the cushiony uterine lining, known as the endometrium, that will nourish a fertilized egg. Every woman's menstrual cycle is slightly different, but over time, most women's cycles follow fall somewhere between 21 and 35 days. The biology is simple: Basic cholesterol compounds in fat cells can get changed into a type of weak estrogen called estrone.
Overweight or obese women carrying extra fat cells have "little estrone-making factories, which have an estrogenic effect on glands," explains Maria Arias, MD, a gynecologist at Atlanta Women's Specialists in Georgia.
This added estrogen can cause bleeding or menstrual disorders. A woman may go months without ovulating, for example, but the uterine lining is still accumulating — to the point that it becomes unstable. Eventually, says Dr. Arias, a woman can have a period that "lets loose like a flood gate," with prolonged or very heavy bleeding. Underweight women and women with eating disorders , like anorexia nervosa , that result in extreme weight loss may also be unintentionally impacting their menstrual cycles.
Women without much fat on their bodies may have fewer periods or go longer without ovulating. Starvation, as well as extreme exercise and stress, can trigger an effect that suppresses the hypothalamus. These women may be so underweight that their bodies simply stop making estrogen. Additionally, the lack of fat doesn't allow cells to convert cholesterol into extra estrogen.
Weight loss or gain can trigger changes in a woman's menstrual cycle, but can it ever go the other way? It often seems like that time of the month moves the needle on your scale a few notches in the direction of weight gain. The menstrual cycle does not directly impact weight loss or gain, but there may be some secondary connections. On the list of premenstrual syndrome PMS symptoms are changes in appetite and food cravings , and that can affect weight.
Studies show that women tend to crave foods high in fat and carbohydrates during specific phases of the menstrual cycle; women also tend to take in more calories during these phases. Bloating , another uncomfortable yet temporary PMS symptom , leaves some women feeling heavy. Because salty foods can cause the body to retain water, which will show up on the scale as a temporary weight gain, it's best to watch your salt intake and focus on eating a healthy, balanced diet, full of fruits and vegetables, before, during, and after menstruation.
Drinking lots of water may help reduce that bloated feeling as well. Health Topics. Health Tools. Premenstrual Syndrome. Reviewed: February 17, Medically Reviewed. The Effects of Estrogen A woman's ovaries produce the female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen , after getting certain cues from the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. The Weighty Side of the Menstrual Cycle The biology is simple: Basic cholesterol compounds in fat cells can get changed into a type of weak estrogen called estrone.Fat girl period sex
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Body weight and the initiation of puberty